37 Cool Science Writing Prompts for Students

If you’re seeking science writing prompts, you’ve landed in the right place.

The following prompts about science integrate writing into your science lessons.

Additionally, they deepen knowledge about concepts, promote critical thinking, improve writing skills, and stretch the imagination.

Whether you teach elementary, middle, or high school, you’re sure to find a prompt here to serve your needs.

So pencil a few of these science writing prompts into your lesson plans this week, and jumpstart your science class into writing mode!

Related: STEM writing prompts

Science Writing Prompts for Students

The following science writing prompts can be used as essay topics too.

1. If you were a scientist, what gift requests would be on your Christmas list and why?

2. Explain to your best friend how she can win first place at the 5th grade science fair.

3. How would life be different is there was no electricity?

4. What types of activities will you enjoy if no electrical devices are allowed at your campsite?

5. Compare and contrast two planets.

6. Pretend you are a scientist. Describe your recent invention, and explain how you came up with the idea.

7. Describe a typical day for you if there was no gravity.

8. Brainstorm the types of inventions you use daily. Now choose one, and describe how your life would be different if it did not exist.

9. Write ten to fifteen facts about one planet.

10. Think about one big issue you have in your life. What invention could you create to solve your problem? Describe it.

11. Explain the steps of the scientific method.

12. Draft a letter to your teacher, convincing him/her to take the class on a field trip to the local museum.

13. Explain how to make a good grade on a science test.

14. Write a diary entry from the perspective of an astronaut’s first day in space.

15. Create a combination of similes and metaphors to describe your favorite planet.

16. Write a story using these words: science, experiment, data, hypothesis

17. You get stuck in a museum overnight, and the dinosaur exhibit comes to life! Write about the adventures that happen during your time there.

18. Write 10 words related to science. Then compose a poem including these words.

19. Which transportation invention do you feel is most important? Why?

20. You’re a not-so-good meteorologist who’s weather forecasts are frequently wrong. People are getting upset with you for messing up their plans. Describe how you will resolve this issue.

21. Describe the similarities and differences between a tsunami and a hurricane.

22. Explain the rock water cycle to a younger student who is not familiar with it.

23. Write about the perfect science lesson or activity. 

24. Explain the difference between water, ice, and steam to a 2nd grader.  

25. NASA invites you to space! While there, you discover a new planet. Describe this new discovery. 

26. You step on the inside of a volcano. Describe what you see. 

27. You arrive home to find an alien sleeping in your bed. Write a story about what happens next.

28. Write a haiku on a science topic.

29. Describe how to conduct a science experiment.

30. Write an instruction manual for kids explaining safe behavior when using the science lab.

31. Write about a typical day from the perspective of a microscope.

32. Compare and contrast the three states of matter: solid, liquid, gas.

33. If you had a time machine, tell what year you’d travel to, and describe what types of technological devices (or lack of) you would observe.

34. Give detailed instructions for how to use a microscope, thermometer, or telescope.

35. Compare and contrast physical science and biology.

36. If there was no gravity, what kinds of activities would you do for fun?

37. Using all five senses, describe ice.

38. How do science writing prompts deepen your knowledge?

Final Thoughts

Now you have a ready-supply of science writing prompts to use with your science unit or as part of writer’s workshop.

See more activity ideas for integrating science and writing.

If you liked these science writing prompts, you may find helpful science exit ticket ideas.