Science Writing Prompts for Kids of All Ages

Encourage critical thinking using these fun and engaging science writing prompts for elementary, middle, and high schools students.

Your young scientists will enjoy stretching their imaginations and reflecting on the learning, all while showcasing their writing abilities.

Science Writing Prompts for Kids of All Ages

Science Writing Prompts for Elementary Students

These science writing prompts for 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders encourage higher-order thinking skills and creative thought.

  • If you were a scientist, what gift requests would be on your Christmas list and why?
  • For the past two years, you’ve succeeded at being the science fair champ! This year, however, you will not participate. Explain to your best friend using specific details how he or she can win first place at the science fair.
  • How would life be different is there was no electricity?
  • Imagine that you and your family are spending the weekend camping. What types of activities will you enjoy if no electrical devices are allowed in the campsite?
  • Compare and contrast two planets. Give clear details. 
  • Pretend you are a scientist. Describe your recent invention, and explain how you came up with the idea.
  • Describe a typical day for you if there was no gravity.
  • Brainstorm the types of inventions you use daily. Now choose one, and describe how your life would be different if it did not exist.
  • Write ten to fifteen facts about one planet.
  • Think about one big issue you have in your life. What invention could you create to solve your problem? Describe it.
  • Step-by-step, explain the steps of the scientific method.
  • Draft a letter to your teacher, convincing him/her to take the class on a field trip to the local museum. Give lots of good reasons so that it will be hard to say no.
  • Explain how to make a good grade on a science test.
  • Pretend that you are an astronaut. Write a diary entry about your first day in space.

Middle School Science Writing Prompts

These science writing prompts for 6th, 7th, and 8th grade students encourage higher-order thinking skills and creative thought.

  • Write a story using these words: science, experiment, data, hypothesis
  • Compare and contrast virtual learning versus in-person learning.
  • You get stuck in a museum overnight, and the dinosaur exhibit comes to life! Write about the adventures that happen during your time there.
  • Compare and contrast any two inner planets.
  • Write 10 words related to science. Then compose a poem including these words.
  • Which transportation invention do you feel is most important? Why?
  • You’re a not-so-good meteorologist who’s weather forecasts are frequently wrong. People are getting upset with you for messing up their plans. Describe how you will resolve this issue.
  • Describe the similarities and differences between a tsunami and a hurricane.
  • Explain the rock water cycle to a younger student who is not familiar with it.
  • Write about the perfect science lesson or activity. 
  • Explain the difference between water, ice, and steam to a 2nd grader.  
  • NASA invites you to space! While there, you discover a new planet. In detail, describe this new discovery. 
  • You step on the inside of a volcano. Describe in detail what you see. 
  • You arrive home to find an alien sleeping in your bed. Write a story about what happens next.
  • Select five closely-related words associated with science, and write a haiku about them.

High School

Encourage your 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th graders to think critically, reflect on the learning, and synthesize scientific concepts using these science writing prompts.

  • Describe how to conduct a science experiment. Include details. 
  • Write an instruction manual for kids explaining safe behavior when using the science lab.
  • Describe three pros and three cons of having cell phones in our daily lives.
  • If you could get into a time machine, would you visit the past or the future? Tell what year you’d travel to, and describe what types of technological devices (or lack of) you would observe.
  • A new student doesn’t know about the scientific method. Describe it to him/her step-by-step.
  • Write a creative story that involves fire, air, water, and ice.
  • In two to three paragraphs, compare and contrast the three states of matter: solid, liquid, gas. Provide examples of each. 
  • Write about a usual day from the perspective of a microscope.
  • Give detailed instructions for how to use a microscope, thermometer, or telescope.
  • You create a new invention. What is your invention, and how does it improve people’s lives? Provide clear details.
  • Compare and contrast astronomy and biology.
  • Look at any product in your kitchen, and read the ingredients. Research one or two of the ingredients. Write the pros and cons of eating this food.
  • If there was no gravity, what kinds of activities would you do for fun? Provide specific details.
  • Sketch an invention that you imagine. Then write at least 2 paragraphs describing your unique creation. 
  • Using all five senses, describe ice.

If you enjoyed these science writing prompts, you might also be interested inSTEM writing prompts and math journal prompts