9 Fantastic 5th Grade Research Topics Students Love

Fifth graders do well learning about complex subjects by selecting 5th grade research topics that are high-interest.

In order to expedite the process of choosing a subject, we’ve gathered 9 tried-and-true 5th grade research topics that are sure to be a hit.

These topics are both interesting and full of easy-to-digest information that is certain to spark creativity in even the most reluctant fifth grader.

So be sure to include these fun research project ideas into your lesson plans soon.

5th Grade Research Topics to Get Excited About

This following list of research topics for elementary students engage and excite! It includes 5th grade science research topics in addition to social studies.

1. Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers

Learning the complex way that the world around us works is a subject that is sure to catch the attention of the scientifically-minded 5th grader.

One of the more fascinating scientific processes going on everywhere you look is the flow of energy. This flow is maintained by producers, consumers, and decomposers.

A research paper detailing the differences and relationships among these three organisms will be just challenging enough that a 5th grader won’t become bored writing it.

The subject matter is broad enough that they will never have a hard time finding the information needed. 

2. Weathering, Erosion, Deposition

It can come as a surprise to elementary-aged children that the ground we walk upon is still changing to this day!

The processes of weathering, erosion, and deposition are constantly occurring plus shaping the world every minute. 

Knowing that these processes literally move mountains, albeit over time, is sure to catch the attention of fifth grade students.

Anything that has happened since the Earth first formed definitely has a plethora of information available for a research topic, too.

A 5th grader could focus on how weathering has formed rivers and immense cave systems.

Or she may want to explore how all three processes created the Grand Canyon. 

3. Earth’s Rotation

If you’re looking for short research projects 5th grade students enjoy, suggest this topic.

Earth’s rotation around the Sun, Moon’s rotation about the Earth, and the rotation of the Earth on its own axis are three parts of one great research topic.

Interestingly, this rotation causes much more than just the day and night cycle!

Students will love to research the lengthening and shortening of days depending on Earth’s position.

They will also explore how rotation affects the seasons and how everything can stay in one place when the Earth is turning so fast! 

There are so many nuances to this research subject that 5th grade students will never get bored. 

This list of 5th grade research topics wouldn’t be complete with a subject related to space.

4. States of Matter

Solids, liquids, gases, and even plasma make splendid research topics. They are the perfect entrance into the world of chemistry for 5th graders. 

The differences between the 4 states of matter may seem obvious.

However, when students get down to the molecular level, the seemingly dull differences between liquid, water, and ice suddenly become fascinating!

Plus, what even is plasma?

Elementary-aged kids are often shocked to learn that this lesser-known form of matter is actually the most prevalent form of matter in the universe

5. Insulators and Conductors 

The subject of electricity is sure to lend a spark to even the dullest lesson.

So it stands to reason that electricity and its many nuances would be a brilliant research topic for 5th grade.

For kids in this grade, insulators and conductors are important, accessible subjects. 

A charge transfers through the free flow of electrons in conductors.

Insulators, in contrast to conductors, prevent electrons from freely flowing from atom to atom and molecule to molecule.

To put it simply, conductors help electricity along while insulators impede the flow of electricity.

This is one of the 5th grade research topics kids absolutely love!

6. Landforms – Deltas, Canyons, and Sand Dunes

A deep dive into the different landforms of the Earth is a must in any 5th-grade lesson plan.

There is enough variety in these landforms that any single one of them would make a great research paper. 

Three easier-to-understand landforms are deltas, canyons, and sand dunes.

These formations are made from combinations of wind, water, and ice, among other things.

Fifth grade students will love researching how even a gentle stream can create something spectacular over time. 

7. Black History Inventors

While your fifth graders may be familiar with Black History Month and the achievements of Martin Luther King, Jr., there are countless black figures who hardly get the recognition they deserve.

From cataract surgery to street lights, encourage fifth graders to explore these brilliant innovators who achieved greatness despite racial barriers.

Be sure to include this subject as one of your 5th grade research topics. See list of black inventors.

8. Scientists and Inventors

Human beings have studied the world around them for centuries.

Fifth graders love to learn about scientists who are responsible, whether directly or indirectly, for so many of the medicines, procedures, and processes we use today.

Dive into information about great scientists!

9. Natural Disasters

If you’re seeking an independent research project 5th graders enjoy, try severe weather.

Natural disasters are arguably one of the most popular 5th grade research topics.

Fifth graders explore the different types of natural disasters, how they are predicted plus controlled, where in the world they are likely to occur, and the negative impact these disasters have on the population.

Also consider having 5th graders research how natural disasters can be prevented and damage from them greatly minimized.

10. Animal and Habitats

Have students complete animal research projects about their favorite animals or any they find rather interesting.

Fifth Grade Research Topics Students Love

Now you have a ready-supply of 5th grade research topics for students to explore.

These 5th grade research topics will surely excite fifth graders and motivate them to deepen their knowledge of concepts, ideas, places, and people.

If you enjoyed these 5th grade research topics, you might like to check out moreresearch topics for kids